The lunar year of the Tao is divided into 3 seasons:
1) Teyteyka, the hot season which is a period for collective celebrations and the time for building -> from July to November
2) Amian, the cold season “when everyone stays put” -> from November to March
3) Rayyon, fishing season for migratory fish -> from March to July
Religious festivals and activities
February – Kapowan
Going up to the mountain, making flying fish racks, picking betel pepper (Piper betel), pinang or betel nut (Areca catechu) and night-scented lily. Fixing and finishing vessels. It’s the time for the flying fish season opening ceremony, the maiden voyage of the year and every boat team is gathering and having the dinner ceremony.
March – Pikawkaod
Flying fish ceremony: holding the ceremony to send the flying fish home and summoning the flying fish to come from the ocean.
April – Papataw
At the beginning of April, a small-boat fishing festival starts small-boat fishing during the daytime. In the middle of the month the crab ritual is held. The millet ceremony is held and the wife picks taro to prepare the taro cake.
May – Pipilapila
Storing of dried fish. Making mortar and pestle out of wood. The blessing festival, people who plan to build houses or ships begin to cultivate taro.
June – Apiavean
July – Omood do Piavean
August – Pitanatana
Collecting clay and making pottery.
September – Kaliman
The flying fish season ends.
October – Kaneman
Making lime and burning the grass on the mountain.
November – Kapitoan
Ritual festival (end of the year), the Tao give thanks for the year to their gods and nature – similar to Thanksgiving in western culture. Millet sowing. Cutting down reed stems.
December – Kaowan
Production of various handicrafts.
January – Kasiaman
Repairing large ships, catching seabirds, cutting hair.
Video of ancient traditional Tao songs and ceremonies according to the lunar calendar, directed by Véronique Arnaud, 1972 (vimeo.com)